The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) completed the “New Jersey Shore Protection, Barnegat Inlet to Little Egg Inlet Final Feasibility Report and Integrated Environmental Impact Statement” in September 1999, which defined the project that maximized the National Economic Development benefits for reduced risk of coastal storm damage. The feasibility study investigated flood and coastal storm damage effects between the two inlets. The study involved extensive engineering, environmental, and economic analyses and recommended the construction of a dune and berm system with the intent of reducing impacts from coastal erosion and storms. The Report of the Chief of Engineers was released in July 2000, and Congress authorized construction of the project in the Water Resources Development Act of 2000.
A Project Cooperation Agreement was executed in August 2005 between the non-Federal Sponsor, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) and the Department of the Army represented by the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works. As a consequence of Hurricane Sandy in October 2012, Congress passed Public Law, the “Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013”, which authorized supplemental appropriations to complete the initial construction of the project. A new Project Partnership Agreement was executed in July 2014 between the NJDEP and the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works.